VETERAN’S NEWS From the Internet
Gathered by Bob Kinsler, SSG (ret), US Army, DAV, VFW Dist. 4, Dept. of Oklahoma, PRO/Editor
Lessons from Los Angeles on ending Veterans’ homelessness Posted in MyVA, Secretary’s Blog, Veterans Homelessness by Bob McDonald
Seven years ago, President Obama and VA named ending Veteran homelessness a top priority. No one who fought for this country should sleep on the streets. Period. So we got to work, and with the help of the first lady’s Joining Forces Initiative and Mayors Challenge, we’ve forged powerful partnerships among federal, state, and local agencies and nongovernmental organizations. As a result, we’ve cut Veteran homelessness nearly in half – down 47 percent since 2010.
Today, we better understand what causes homelessness and can better prevent it. Problems with physical and mental health, addiction, poverty, limited social support, and lack of community resources and affordable housing all contribute to Veteran homelessness. Compared to the general population, Veterans are more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, and mental illness.
Fortunately, all of these things are treatable. We know that Veterans in our care are less likely to commit suicide, commit crimes or end up homeless. So our focus has been on getting at-risk Veterans into the VA healthcare system.
For those who have already fallen into homelessness, we’ve employed a proven strategy called “Housing First”—because treating Veterans for any condition is a lot easier once their basic need for shelter is met.
- Since 2010, more than 360,000 Veterans and family members have been housed permanently, rapidly rehoused, or prevented from becoming homeless.
- In 2015 alone, in partnerships with communities, VA provided services to more than 365,000 homeless, at-risk, and formally homeless Veterans. More than 36,000 Veterans and their family members — including over 6,500 children — were prevented from becoming homeless.
- Three states — Connecticut, Delaware and Virginia — and 34 communities have announced an effective end of homelessness among Veterans.
This was achieved by providing communities the resources and best practices to succeed. We are ending Veteran homelessness community by community.
Our greatest challenge has been in Los Angeles. That’s why the reduction of Veteran homelessness by more than 1,000 Veterans in Los Angeles County last year, more than any city in the nation, is proof we can succeed.
When I came to VA, I learned we were in the midst of a lawsuit prohibiting us from developing on our almost 400-acre West LA campus. Over time, VA made the decision to rent out parts of the campus to organizations that had no affiliation or positive impact on Veterans. I saw an opportunity to return the campus to its originally intended purpose: to be a home for Veterans. Many members of the community had been advocating for this for years and, in ending the lawsuit, we found our partners.
VA developed a master plan for the campus centered around input from Veterans and the community. Our focus was making our expansive campus a home for those Veterans who had the most need. We listened to input and slowly rebuilt trust with the community. Exactly one year after we announced an end of the lawsuit, we adopted and shared our blueprint for the VA campus outlining how homeless clinical care and services would operate. As we did, our partners stood with us shoulder-to-shoulder. All the VA services that could help a Veteran at risk of homelessness would be in one location. Every remaining tenant on the campus would have a clear goal of helping Veterans. Today, VA’s West LA campus will be the model for what 21st century healthcare should look like.
The coalition of the willing in Los Angeles is indicative of the coalitions I’ve seen built across the country: mayors, members of Congress, state and county officials, local housing authorities, nongovernmental organizations, landlords and developers, philanthropic donors, and our very own VA employees.
At VA, we know we cannot do it alone. A key strategy of the MyVA transformation, the biggest transformation in VA’s history, is embracing strategic partners. There is no better example of the big challenges we can solve together than our fight to end Veteran homelessness.
Homeless in the richest nation in the world is an embarrassment; and in solving it, we began by focusing first on those who were Veterans. Frankly, our progress was achievable because a coordinated network of health care, financial benefits and job training services exist; they exist in VA. As we continue to end homelessness, I know the lessons we learned housing those who have served our nation will serve as a blueprint for ending homeless for all Americans in need.
Whether you are a VA employee, local homeless service provider, VA grantee or public housing authority, we are calling on you to be part of the solution. Especially during this critically important time of year, when temperatures in many parts of the country can plunge to dangerous lows, you can help us accelerate our efforts to help Veterans in need secure permeant housing through these targeted strategies.
- Increase permanent housing placements. We can increase the number of Veterans moving from the streets into permanent housing over the next 30 days by:
- Fully utilizing all project-based housing units for Veterans, such as those available through Department of Housing and Urban Development and Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) vouchers.
- Increasing the rate of permanent housing placements from VA’s Health Care for Homeless Veterans contract residential services and Grant and Per Diem programs.
- Maximizing the rate of rapid-rehousing in the Supportive Services for Veteran Families Program.
- Provide the right services at the right time. We can prioritize unsheltered Veterans for immediate placement into safe housing by:
- Ensuring that those who enter community homeless response systems require that level of assistance.
- Ensuring that Veterans are appropriately targeted for the HUD-VASH program.
- Reserving VA’s homeless Veteran residential services for only those Veterans who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless.
- Maximize VA resources. We can ensure staff and bed resources are available to help make the 30-day surge successful by:
- Ensuring full utilization of homeless Veteran residential program beds by Veterans who need them.
- Ramping up VA and volunteer staff to support the effort.
- Engage with your community. Partnerships are critical to continued success. We can all:
- Encourage landlords and developers to target units to homeless Veterans.
- Engage Community Veteran Engagement Boards.
- Participate in Operation Reveille events in your community to house homeless Veterans immediately.
- Join your local HUD continuum of care in enumerating homeless persons during the upcoming point-in-time Count and ensuring that homeless Veterans are accurately identified and rapidly housed.